Pasta By Design
Just imagine. It’s 1983. Milan, Italy. Alessandro Mendini, the vanguard architect and designer spearheading the postmodernism movement, is hosting a party. It’s at the headquarters of influential Domus magazine, of which Mendini is editor-in-chief. Guests have gathered to celebrate an exciting new design object. Its creator is none other than Giorgetto Giugiaro, inventor of the muscle car and many other iconic automobiles of the 20th century. Two years later his Delorean would become a Hollywood star as the time-traveling vehicle in Back to the Future. But tonight, a different Giugiaro creation has the spotlight: a piece of pasta.
A party for a noodle. You heard that right.
This night marked the beginning of a small, but growing movement of chefs, industrial designers, architects and mathematicians seeking a deeper appreciation of pasta as design object. Today, we may take this inexpensive food source for granted, but its myriad shapes are much more than decorative. Pasta is a marvel of functionality and form that also happens to taste really, really good.
A little background: each pasta shape was traditionally created to “hold” a specific sauce. In other words: retain the sauce while being eaten, but not absorb too much of it either. While cooking, a pasta must achieve its ideal volume by absorbing water, but just the right amount. God forbid you have watery rigatoni on your plate—yuck. Pasta must also cook quickly and evenly. One wrong dimension and you can kiss that perfect al dente texture goodbye. (Rumor has it, Giorgetto Giugiaro’s marille pasta took too long to boil and cooked unevenly, accounting for its short production run.)
The 1980s ushered in a new appetite for stylized nouvelle cuisine, and so the world’s first designer pasta was born. Newsweek magazine even ran a story about it. Despite the marille’s commercial failure, other world-famous designers soon followed suit. Philippe Starck and Mauro Olivieri created their own designs. New technologies were engineered to produce evermore variations, including novelty pastas in the likeness of dinosaurs and Pac-Man, as well as architecturally impressive pastas that turned the everyday food into art.
In 1995, renowned Muji art director Kenya Hara curated the “Architects’ Macaroni Exhibition” at the Japan Institute of Architects. He chose pasta to exhibit the creativity of architects in a form familiar to the general public. On display were extraordinary pasta designs that highlighted its mathematic and structural complexity—as well as its possibilities. Design competitions, sponsored by pasta companies, soon became the norm.
In 2014, Italian pasta giant, Barilla, announced a global contest for innovative designs to be made with their new 3D pasta printer. Now four years and going, this annual contest is just the latest illustration of the design world’s love affair with pasta.
Party for a noodle…coming to a town near you.